The Republic of Mauritius is a is a multi-party democracy, independent since 1968 and a Republic since 1992with a Government elected every five years. The country has a complex ethnic mix but it is a stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record. The current President of Mauritius is Kailash Purryag. The Prime Minister is Navinchandra Ramgoolam. The 2012 Mo Ibrahim Index of African Governance ranked Mauritius first in good governance. According to the 2012 Democracy Index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit and which measures the state of democracy in 167 countries, Mauritius ranks 18th worldwide
The Seychelles is a stable democracy with presidential and parliamentary elections held once every five years.
In the relatively short history of the Seychelles Islands, it was both a French and British colony. It gained the status of Crown colony in 1903 and by 1976 became an independent Republic with Sir James Mancham as its first democratically elected President. However in 1977, Mancham was deposed and his then Prime Minister France Albert René became President. Under President René’s leadership Seychelles was a one-party Socialist Republic state. The multi-party system in Seychelles was restored only in the mid-1990’s.
In 2004, after 27 years as President, France Albert René handed over the presidency to his Vice President Jame Alix Michel. President James Michel was formally elected into office in 2006 and re-elected in 2011.
Of the country’s notable achievements- Seychelles ranks Very High and is first in Africa in terms of Human Development Index (HDI was 0.806 in 2012)
The World Bank’s Worldwide Governance Indicators show that in most dimensions of governance (political stability, government effectiveness, rule of law and control of corruption), Seychelles is above the 50 percentile rank amongst the 212 countries surveyed in 2009. The 2010 Mo Ibrahim Index of African Governances shows that between 2008 and 2009, Seychelles improved its score from 77.0 to 78.5 (out of 100).